Co-Founder and Principal of Business Rule Solutions, LLC and Executive Director of BRCommunity
"Business Requirements for Rule Modeling"
Ronald G. Ross is a Principal of Business Rule Solutions, LLC. Mr. Ross is also Co-Founder and Executive Editor of <www.BRCommunity.com>, home of the Business Rules Journal. Mr. Ross is the author of a half-dozen professional books. His newest work, Principles of the Business Rule Approach, is published by Addison-Wesley (2003). Other recent books on business rules include Business Rule Concepts (1998) and The Business Rule Book (Second Edition, 1997). He is the Co-Chair of the annual Business Rules Forum Conference. He was a charter member of the Business Rules Group in the 1980s, and was editor of its two landmark papers, "Business Motivation Model: Business Governance in a Volatile World" (2000, revised 2005) and the "Business Rules Manifesto" (2003). He is also active in the OMG Business Rules SIG and related standards development. Mr. Ross is internationally recognized as the "father of business rules."
Besides the reduction of time-to-market, another trend may be observed in the automotive industry: built-to-order. Built-to-order reduces the mass production of cars to a limited-lot production. Emphasis for optimization issues then moves from the production step to earlier steps like the collaboration of suppliers and manufacturer in development and delivery.
Thus, relevant knowledge has to be shared between different organizations and departments in early development processes. In the talk we describe an application in the automotive industry where ontologies have two main
(i) representing and sharing knowledge to optimize business processes for the development of cars; in our case the testing of electronic control units and (ii) integration of live data into this process.
A system is built on top of an inference engine equipped with an ontology containing information about parts, their mutual interrelationships and their behavior.
In many cases this knowledge is described by rules. This formal representation can then be compared with a concrete real car or part of a car. This system accelerates the development of cars and their parts, and in this way also reduces time-to-market.
Prof. Dr. Jürgen Angele is currently CTO and shareholder of Ontoprise GmbH, a provider of semantic technologies. Ontoprise has been cofounded by him in 1999. In 1994 he became a full professor in applied computer science at the University of Applied Sciences, Braunschweig, Gemany. From 1989 to 1994 he was a research and teaching assistant at the University of Karlsruhe, Institute AIFB. He did research on the execution of the knowledge acquisition and representation language KARL, which led to a Ph.D. (Dr. rer. pol.) from the University of Karlsruhe in 1993. From 1985 to 1989 he worked for the companies AEG, Konstanz, Germany, and SEMA GROUP, Ulm, Germany. He received the diploma degree in computer science in 1985 from the University of Karlsruhe. He published around 90 papers as books and journal, book, conference, and workshop contributions. Topics were about semantic web, semantic technologies, knowledge representation, and their practical applications. He is leading several research and commercial projects. He gave more than 55 courses at Berufsakademien, Fachhochschulen and Universities. Topics were about: Expert Systems, Software Engineering, World Wide Web, Database Systems, Digital Image Analysis, Computer Graphics, Mathematics. He supervised around 30 master theses and Ph.Ds.
OMG Program Director for the Governance, Risk Management and Compliance Roundtable (GRC-RT) and Managing Director of CoSource.net
"Sharing Policy Rules for IT Governance"
Corporate governance makes headlines, but IT governance is critical for business growth. A new collaborative project is being launched within the GRC Roundtable <www.grcroundtable.org> to improve IT governance by developing a common set of rules for IT policy management. These rules, which will map to control and security frameworks such as COBIT and ISO17799, may come from existing projects written in any language, or they may be created by the group to meet specific requirements. Participating firms will share the development costs, risk, and benefits of integrating them into a comprehensive, general purpose set. This presentation will address the challenges and opportunities created by sharing such a rule-based IT governance infrastructure.
Adrian Bowles is Program Director for the Governance, Risk Management and Compliance Roundtable (GRC-RT) and Managing Director of CoSource.net. Dr. Bowles has over 25 years of experience as an entrepreneur, practitioner and academic in information technology with a focus on IT strategy and management.
Previously, he held senior research and management positions at the IT Compliance Institute, Giga Information Group, Atelier Research, New Science Associates, and Yourdon, Inc. Dr. Bowles also held development roles at IBM Corp. and GTE Laboratories, and academic appointments at New York University, Drexel University and the State University of New York at Binghamton.
Bowles earned his BA in Psychology and MS in Computer Science from SUNY Binghamton, and his Ph.D. in Computer Science from Northwestern University.
Leader of the Semantic Web Laboratory at NRC IIT
Four principal Web rule issues constitute our starting points: I1) Formal knowledge representation can act as content in its own right and/or as metadata for content. I2) Knowledge on the open Web is typically inconsistent but closed 'intranet' reasoning can exploit local consistency. I3) Scalability of reasoning calls for representation layering on top of quite inexpressive languages. I4) Rule representation should stay compatible with relevant Web standards.
To address these, four corresponding essentials of Web rules have emerged: E1) Combine formal and informal knowledge in a Rule Wiki, where the formal parts can be taken as code (or as metadata) for the informal parts, and the informal parts as documentation (or as content) for the formal parts. This can be supported by tools for Controlled Natural Language: mapping a subset of, e.g., English into rules and back. E2) Represent distributed knowledge via a module construct, supporting local consistency, permitting scoped negation as failure, and reducing the search space of scoped queries. Modules are embedded into an 'Entails' element: prove whether a query is entailed by a module. E3) Develop a dual layering of assertional and terminological knowledge as well as their blends. To permit the specification of terminologies independent of assertions, the CARIN principle is adopted: a terminological predicate is not permitted in the head of a rule. E4) Differentiate the Web notion of URIs as in URLs, for access, vs. URNs, for naming. A URI can then be used: URL-like, for module import, where it is an error if dereferencing does not yield a valid knowledge document; URN-like, as an identifier, where dereferencing is not intended; or, as a name whose dereferencing can access its (partial) definition.
Dr. Harold Boley is leader of the Semantic Web Laboratory at NRC IIT and Adjunct Professor at the Faculty of Computer Science, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada. He developed the Relational-Functional Markup Language before starting and co-leading the Rule Markup (RuleML) Initiative. He co-designed the Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL), which combines the W3C-recommended Web Ontology Language OWL and RuleML. He led the design of a First-Order Logic Web language (FOL RuleML) and contributed to the design of the Semantic Web Services Language (SWSL). He is co-editor of the W3C Rule Interchange Format (RIF). His focus is on Semantic Web knowledge representation combining ontologies and rules. He is currently exploring this for person/organization-centric profiles supporting FOAF-extending social networking and expert finding, as realized, e.g., with RuleML FOAF in FindXpRT and Rule Responder.
October 25-26, 2007—Orlando, Florida